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The times tables (below) are a collection of 100 multiplications. It might sound a bit much, but as you get familiar with it, you’ll see that the times tables are one of the most important tools in mathematics.

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Take a closer look at the times tables. Can you see that all the answers that are not on the diagonal (the line across from 1 to 100) show up twice? This is because the order of the factors does not matter:

Both $3\times 4=12$ and $4\times 3=12$.

You learn the times tables in steps. Those steps are:

- 1.
- Memorizing the times tables by heart, or learning to sing them.
- 2.
- Knowing the answers to the different multiplications even when they are not in order.
- 3.
- Knowing all the multiplications that give the same answers.

Memorizing the times tables by heart is best done by reading out all the answers like this: