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Area and Perimeter of a Pentagon

A pentagon is a polygon that has five vertices and five sides. The sum of the angles in the pentagon is always 540°. There are two types of pentagons—regular pentagons and irregular pentagons.

A regular pentagon is a pentagon where all the sides are the same length, and all the angles are the same size.

Example of regular pentagon

Example of regular pentagon

An irregular pentagon is a pentagon where the sides don’t have the same length, and the angles aren’t the same size.

Example of irregular pentagon

Example of irregular pentagon

Note! It’s not possible to have one but not the other—a pentagon will always either have both the same size of angles and same side lengths, making it regular, or have neither, making it irregular.

Perimeter of a Pentagon

You find the perimeter of a pentagon by adding the lengths of its five sides together.

Formula

Perimeter of a Pentagon

P = s1 + s2 + s3 + s4 + s5

The perimeter of pentagon

Example 1

You find the perimeter of the pentagon above by adding the length of all the sides together:

P = 4cm + 5cm + 4cm + 3.5cm = + 3cm = 19.5cm

P = 4cm + 5cm + 4cm + 3.5cm + 3cm = 19.5cm

Area of a Pentagon

You can find the area of a regular pentagon by dividing the pentagon into five equal triangles. Then you can find the area of just one of the triangles and multiply the answer by 5.

The area of pentagon

Formula

Area of a Pentagon

A = 5 Area of triangle

Example 2

You can find the area of the pentagon above by finding the area of a triangle and multiplying it by 5: Atriangle = 2cm 3cm 2 = 3cm2 Apentagon = 5 Atriangle = 5 3cm2 = 15cm2

The area of the pentagon is 15 cm2.

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